Anagama Kiln

The Anagama or ‘cave kiln’ is a cross draught type kiln, where the flame passes from the fireboxes across the chambers & exits via a flu, to the chimney. Fired with wood, they can consume upwards of one ton per day & firing can take several days & nights. Several hundred pots, depending on their size, can be fired at one time. Larger pots, occasionally stacked on their sides, are separated by using scallop shells; this avoids the glazed surfaces coming into contact. The kiln is clammed up after firing & left to cool, normally as many days as it took to fire.

Loading my old French anagama kiln for the first time, note the type of fire brick – these were French barbecue bricks, equivalent to 30 pence each! They successfully fired to 1320C over 72 hours, showing no signs of spalling.

Anagama base, fire bars
& primary air bricks
Formers on the brick base Catenary Arch completed Pulling out the formers Sutema Wall constructed
Layer of clay Chimney completed Kiln packed Clamming up Fire started on to of bars
View into kiln Side Stoke Steel Chimney